Lamborghini Huracán LP 610-4 (2014-)
The New Benchmark among Luxury Super Sports Cars
Lamborghini Huracán LP 610-4: The Start of a New Legend
Automobili Lamborghini is taking a major step into the future: with the newly developed Huracán LP 610-4, the successor to the highly successful Gallardo, the Italian super sports car manufacturer is redefining the benchmark in the segment. With its pure and absolute design, breathtaking dynamics and excellent quality, the Huracán delivers an unparalleled sports car experience. It unites mighty performance with a character perfectly suited to everyday use; its wide-ranging new technologies work together in a fully integrated fashion. Stephan Winkelmann, President and CEO of Automobili Lamborghini said: “With the Huracán, Lamborghini is writing the next chapter in its great history.”
- Luxury super sports car with breathtaking performance: 0 to 100 km/h in 3.2 seconds, top speed of more than 325 km/h
- Naturally aspirated V10 engine with 5.2-liter displacement and 449 kW / 610 hp, a combination of direct and indirect injection
- Extremely fast-shifting 7-speed dual-clutch transmission
- Innovative lightweight concept: hybrid chassis made from carbon fiber and aluminum
- Pure and absolute exterior design, full-LED lighting technology
- Elegant interior design, top craftsmanship and a host of individualization options
- Cockpit with fully integrated controls and virtual 12.3” TFT instrument cluster
- New dynamic mode selection concept
- Four wheel drive with new hydraulic multi-plate clutch
- Carbon-ceramic brakes as standard
- Optional variable steering and adaptive suspension
With 14,022 units produced, the Gallardo is the most successful Lamborghini model ever made. During its ten-year production run, it took the brand into a completely new dimension. In true Lamborghini tradition, the successor to the Gallardo also takes its name from the world of bullfighting: Huracán was a fighting bull of the Spanish Conte de la Patilla breed who fought in August 1879 in Alicante. His unyielding character made him invincible.
With the Huracán LP 610-4, Lamborghini is taking its purist, unmistakable design language to a whole new evolutionary level. The design is bold and edgy, with beautifully sculptural forms. The starting point of the design process was the Huracán’s silhouette. The objective was to define the car with a single line stretching from the front end over the passenger cell to the rear. The side windows take on a hexagonal form that looks like a gem set into the profile of the Huracán. At night, too, it is utterly unmistakable: All lights, including the main headlamps, beam in LED technology – an absolute first in the super sports car segment.
An innovative cockpit dominates the interior. The 12.3-inch TFT display can be configured in a number of different modes and provides the driver with all key information in a virtual format. The slender lines of the instrument mounts and the center tunnel are indicative of the lightness of the interior design. Fine materials distinguish the interior, which can be extensively individualized, while the extremely detailed craftsmanship delivers a highly refined sense of quality.
The newly conceived hybrid chassis of the Huracán LP 610-4 is a technical work of art that unites carbon-fiber and aluminum components. The ultra-light chassis forms the basis for the vehicle’s low dry weight of 1,422 kilograms; with its excellent stiffness, it guarantees the handling precision of a racing car.
The new V10 engine in the Huracán generates its phenomenal propulsion from a displacement of 5.2 liters. It produces a power output of 448 kW / 610 hp at 8,250 rpm and a maximum torque of 560 Nm at 6,500 rpm. The new “Iniezione Diretta Stratificata” combines direct and indirect injection –achieving an increase in power and torque compared with the Gallardo and a decrease in fuel consumption and emissions.
With its power-to-weight ratio of just 2.33 kilograms per hp, the Lamborghini Huracán achieves absolutely breathtaking performance. The top speed of more than 325 km/h and the acceleration figures – zero to 100 km/h in 3.2 seconds, zero to 200 km/h in 9.9 seconds – offer an indication of its dynamics. Thanks in part to the Stop & Start technology, ECE average fuel consumption has dropped to 12.5 liters per 100 km (290 g CO2 per km).
The power generated by the ten-cylinder is delivered to the road via the new 7-speed dual-clutch transmission “Lamborghini Doppia Frizione” (LDF) and an all-wheel drive that also features a new hydraulic multi-plate clutch. Three different driving modes, spanning from road to race track, can be selected using a drive select switch in the steering wheel. The system is called ANIMA (Italian for Soul) – “Adaptive Network Intelligent Management”, and impacts the engine, the transmission, the all-wheel drive and the ESC handling system as well as other dynamic systems.
The wheels of the Lamborghini Huracán measure 20 inches in diameter, with the standard-fit carbon-ceramic brake system delivering exceptional stopping power. As an option, Lamborghini offers its new luxury super sports car with the Lamborghini Dynamic Steering variable steering system and MagneRide electromagnetic damper control. Both of these features are also integrated into ANIMA.
The Lamborghini Huracán LP 610-4 celebrates its show premiere at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show, with customer delivery scheduled to start in spring 2014. The Huracán is priced at 169,500.00 Euro, excluding taxes. The Production takes place at Automobili Lamborghini headquarters in Sant’Agata Bolognese.
The elegance of a Lamborghini is in the beauty of its highly concentrated power – every line and every detail pursues the need for speed, dynamics, performance. Design is an essential element of the Huracán LP 610-4, too – unmistakable, hermetically sealed and completely free from ornamentation.
The dimensions frame the contours of a dynamic wedge measuring 4,459 mm long, 1,924 mm wide and 1,165 mm high, with a wheelbase of 2,620 mm. Taut curves contrast with sharp edges, which require innovative technology in working with aluminum and carbon fiber and with geometric surfaces. A characteristic basic form for Lamborghini is the hexagon – visible in the front air intakes and their three-dimensionally formed mesh inserts, in the side windows, in the intake openings for the engine and in the standard-fit wheels in Giano design.
The arrow-shaped front end of the Lamborghini Huracán angles sharply downward like the nose of a shark, with two pleats adding contour to the hood. The flat, angular headlamps are fitted only with LEDs – an innovation in this class of super sports car. Light guides produce the daytime running light, forming two Y-shaped contours in each headlamp and giving the Huracán the look of a predator ready to pounce. With a color temperature of 5,500 Kelvin, the LED light is very close to that of daylight, providing excellent road illumination and putting very little stress on the eyes. The LEDs are designed to last the lifetime of the vehicle and are extremely energy efficient.
A massive air intake, cut deep into the front end and stretching across its full width, dominates the front of the Huracán. Fins painted in body color cut strong diagonal lines through it. As on a race car, the lower contours of the air intake jut forward to form a splitter.
The avant-garde character of the Lamborghini design is particularly evident from the side – the Huracán LP 610-4 is a fast-moving technical sculpture. Its aluminum cladding stretches tautly over the mighty 20-inch wheels; a single, flowing line runs from the front end over the roof to the rear. The roof arcs slightly over the heads of the driver and co-driver, these contours continuing onto the luggage compartment lid and through the extremely low-lying C-pillars.
Starting at the headlamp, is a line that runs over the front fender to define a broad, angled edge on the door. Together with the flat, dropping roof arc, the rising door edge presents a three-dimensional frame for the side windows – which are set into the flanks like gemstones. Where these lines meet at an acute angle is the upper intake that feeds the engine with air. The lower intake for cooling air emerges from the angular sill in front of the wide, rear wheel arch. The absence of the large, vertical air intake that was a feature of the Gallardo, brings athletic tension and powerful flow to the flank of the Huracán.
In its standard format, the engine cover between the extremely low-lying C- pillars consists of three large, matte-black polymer fins in homage to the classic Miura. Lamborghini offers an optional transparent cover that reveals a clear view of the V10. In this version, the engine bay is clad in visible carbon fiber, made using Lamborghini’s patented Forged Composite Technology.
The rear end of the Huracán also has a highly three-dimensional form. Like the intake at the front end, the wide, meshed outlet for ventilating the engine bay is cut deep into the rear. Above it are the narrow rear lights, likewise fitted entirely with LEDs. Similar to the front headlamps, their light also takes on a Y-shaped contour. The four end pipes of the exhaust system flank a large diffuser; its substantially dimensioned elliptical fairings are chromed and perforated.
Each design detail of the Lamborghini Huracán LP 610-4 celebrates the aesthetic of function; the designers from the Centro Stile worked closely together with the aerodynamic experts. The large air intakes at the front of the super sports car specifically direct the cooling air and headwind to increase down pressure on the front axle. The spoiler lip at the rear works together with the rising diffuser in the underbody to improve airflow around the rear of the car – the Huracán does not require a movable rear spoiler. The underbody is completely clad, with NACA channels directing headwind to the radiators.
Lamborghini offers the Huracán in 17 colors, including seven new ones. The flat colors are Bianco Monocerus and Nero Noctis. The metallic tones come with the names Bianco Icarus, Blu Achelous, Grigio Lynx, Grigio Nimbus, Nero Serapis and Rosso Mars. The pearlescent shades are Arancio Borealis, Giallo Midas and Verde Mantis. Also available from the Ad Personam individualization program are the matte paint finishes Bianco Canopus, Giallo Horus, Grigio Titans, Marrone Apus and Nero Nemesis. The metallic colors from Ad Personam – Blu Caelum, Grigio Admetus and Marrone Alcestis – complete the color palette.
Lamborghini rises to the next level with the Huracán LP 610-4 when it comes to the bodyshell concept, too. The Gallardo had an aluminum space frame – an extremely stiff framework consisting of cast nodes and extruded profile with permanently integrated aluminum panels. Its successor features an innovative hybrid chassis. It combines aluminum components with large elements made from carbon-fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) – that ultra-lightweight material in which Lamborghini has developed groundbreaking expertise over many years.
The hybrid chassis of the Lamborghini Huracán consists partly of aluminum; the front and rear sections of the car with the axle mounts are made almost entirely from the lightweight alloy, and carbon-fiber parts produced using the RTM process (Resin Transfer Molding). They are concentrated around the occupant cell, where they form part of the floor and sills, the center tunnel, the rear bulkhead and the B-pillars with their particularly complicated geometries. The x-shaped brace in the engine bay is also made from CFRP. Stainless steel fasteners connect the aluminum and carbon-fiber components.
The innovative hybrid chassis of the Lamborghini Huracán LP 610-4 weighs less than 200 kilograms, even less than the already very lightweight space frame of the Gallardo. The hybrid chassis is considerably better when it comes to crash safety and stiffness, which lays the foundation for the dynamic handling and precise production finish. The rear bulkhead, for instance, offers excellent protection in the event of a side impact, because its fibers are laid out in exactly the direction of load travel.
The state-of-the-art interior of the Lamborghini Huracán LP 610-4 offers wonderful consistency in its design, a thrillingly sporty character and relaxing comfort for long-distance driving. The distinctive feature of the exterior design – the sharply defined hexagonal body and surfaces – plays a dominant role here, too. The dashboard is low-slung and features hexagonal trim elements on its extremely slender fascia. The instrument display and air vents look like standalone, add-on components. A console stretches from the dashboard to the center tunnel.
Inside the Huracán, the driver and co-driver enjoy more space and better visibility than in the Lamborghini Gallardo – both are just as evident on a trip to the race track as they are on the daily drive into work. The low seats with their pronounced contouring and integrated backrests provide the body with excellent grip and support. In the standard version, they can be electrically adjusted for the angle of the backrest and longitudinal position. Further electrical functions for seat height, seat angle and the length of the seat cushion are available as options.
The operating concept for the Lamborghini Huracán LP 610-4 is strictly focused on the driver. He/she can use the buttons on the flat-bottomed three-spoke steering wheel to manage the many vehicle functions, including indicators and windshield wipers; the two large shift paddles serve to control the dual-clutch gearbox. In executing all actions, the driver can keep eyes on the road and hands on the steering wheel at all times.
Behind the steering wheel is a 12.3-inch TFT screen with a high resolution of 1440 x 540 pixels. The virtual cockpit presents all critical information in razor-sharp 3D graphics with sophisticated visual effects. Working in the background is a super-fast graphic processor, the Tegra 30 chip from the Tegra 3 Series by Nvidia. For the rev counter, for instance, it generates 60 frames per second, ensuring absolutely homogenous movement of the needle.
The driver can switch between three display screens. In Full drive mode, the large, central rev counter dominates the view, flanked by displays for fuel level and water temperature. Speed is shown as a digital read-out. In Mixed mode, the rev counter is smaller and moves to the left, with a window for infotainment functions like the navigation map occupying the right half of the display. In Full Navi and Infotainment mode, the map fills most of the monitor. Regardless of the mode selected, the display along the lower edge shows all the important warning and advisory symbols.
There are further display and control elements on the long center console, ergonomically arranged as if on a lectern. The uppermost one is a narrow TFT display for the climate control, which can be switched to show oil pressure, oil temperature and voltage. Beneath it is a strip of switches for secondary functions, accompanied by another group of switches on the left of the cockpit.
In the center of the console are the controls for the automatic air conditioning and the infotainment system. Its main control is surrounded by buttons that provide direct access to the main menus of the navigation, phone, info, radio, media and sound functions; a further rotary control is for volume adjustment. Arranged horizontally on the center tunnel are the start/stop button beneath a red flap, the transmission buttons for neutral, park and reverse gear and the button for the electronic parking brake. Two glove boxes, a cell-phone tray and two door pockets accommodate the small things of everyday life.
The uncompromising precision and attention to detail with which the interior of the Lamborghini Huracán LP 610-4 is crafted, is rooted in the finest tradition of Italian craftsmanship and sets new benchmarks in the league of super sports cars. Luxury materials indulge the senses with their fine look and feel; their selection and the choice of colors on offer are clear evidence of the fine touch and keen eye of the Lamborghini designers. The upper area of the dashboard is clad in dark Alcantara to avoid reflections in the windshield. LEDs provide the interior illumination, too – there is not as single conventional bulb anywhere on or in the car.
One color dominates the interior of the Huracán – Nero Ade black. The dashboard, center console, the center panels on the seats and the door panels are all clad as standard in soft leather, with Alcantara setting accents on the air vents and on the inside of the door mirrors. To complement this, customers can choose from four interior variants. They can use these in a number of ways - depending on the variant – to individualize the lower zone of the dashboard, the center console, door grips, door mirrors, the center panels of the seat backs, the air vents and the cladding on the A-pillars and roof beams.
The Elegante two-tone interior comes with a choice of nine contrasting colors and additional leather options; the upper part of the center console gleams in high-gloss black, with the air vents painted in matte dark gray. In the one-tone Sportivo interior, much of the cladding is made from Alcantara in Nero Ade, while the two-tone Sportivo interior offers Alcantara in six contrasting colors. Alternatively, the two-tone Sportivo interior also comes with supple nappa leather. As an option, the stitching – a total of 30 meters – is also available in a contrasting color. The program is rounded off by further options such as Lamborghini logos and lettering for the interior, or foot mats with leather piping.
The acronym LP in the model name of the Huracán LP 610-4 refers to the orientation of the extensively redesigned V10 engine – it is mounted in typical Lamborghini fashion longitudinally behind the driver (“longitudinale posteriore”). The number 610 is the power output in hp, which equates to 449 kW and is available at 8,250 rpm. The specific output is no less than 86.3 kW / 117.3 hp per liter of displacement; the torque curve reaches its peak of 560 Nm at 6,500 revs.
Like every Lamborghini engine, the 5.2-liter V10 is a high-performance, naturally aspirated unit. It captivates the driver’s senses with stunning throttle response, with gloriously free revving well over the 8,000 mark, with amazing pulling power and with an inimitable sound that takes on new facets as the revs rise – founded on a voluminous bass and topped by soaring trebles.
The ten-cylinder catapults the Huracán LP 610-4 from a standstill to 100 km/h in just 3.2 seconds – each hp has to move a mere 2.33 kilograms. The figure from zero to 200 km/h is 9.9 seconds, while the top speed is on the other side of 325 km/h. Yet, the high-performance engine makes do with an average of 12.5 liters of fuel per 100 km, a CO2 equivalent of 290 grams per km. The improvement versus the Gallardo LP 560-4, aided also by a Stop & Start system as standard, is 11 percent.
The displacement of 5,204 cm3 is the result of an 84.5 millimeter bore and 92.8 millimeter stroke. The V10 fires alternately at 54 and 90 degrees, with its forged crankshaft conceived as a common-pin shaft. This construction, in which the conrods of the opposing pistons run on a common crank pin, maximizes stiffness while minimizing weight. The forged-steel conrods and the forged aluminum pistons are likewise both extremely strong and lightweight.
The crankcase is made from an aluminum-silicon alloy and is produced using a low-pressure gravity die-casting process that guarantees a particularly high level of homogeneity. The high silicon content makes the cylinder barrels extremely wear resistant. A bedplate construction gives the crankcase exceptional stiffness and optimum vibration characteristics. The cast-iron bearing bridges reduce thermal expansion and thus minimize play in the crankshaft main bearings.
The dry sump lubrication with its separate oil tank is a classic motorsport technology. It allows the V10 to sit very low down, while assuring it receives an adequate supply of lubricant, even under extreme lateral acceleration. The pressure-lubrication pump works in accordance with load, making it highly efficient.
The ten cylinders are always very well filled. Four camshafts, each of which can be adjusted through 42 degrees of crank angle, actuate the valves via roller cam followers. Like the oil pump and the water pump, they are driven by chains running at the back of the engine.
The plenum chamber of the two-channel intake system is made from lightweight polymer; in the intake channels are pneumatic flaps. When the load and revs are low, they set the incoming air into a cylindrical rotation; this tumble further increases the efficiency of the combustion process. The exhaust system is also conceived with two channels, with its components laid out for low back pressure. There are flaps in the two end pipes; the vacuum formed at higher loads and revs causes them to open, giving a fuller, deeper sound.
One groundbreaking innovation of the V10 is the dual fuel injection, known as “Iniezione Diretta Stratificata”. On start-up and under higher loads and revs, a common-rail system injects fuel at a pressure of up to 180 bar directly into the combustion chambers. This results in intense swirl, which has the effect of cooling the cylinder walls and permits a higher compression ratio of 12.7:1. At lower loads, fuel is injected indirectly into the manifold, which reduces fuel consumption and particulate emissions. At medium loads and revs, both injection systems work together. The V10 already complies with the EU6 norm.
Superfast, virtually imperceptible gearshifts without any interruption in torque – the Lamborghini Huracán LP 610-4 comes with a completely new transmission. Where the Gallardo still used the e.gear automated manual transmission, its successor features the Lamborghini Doppia Frizione (LDF) 7-speed dual-clutch gearbox. It is exceptionally efficient and its ratios are closely set for maximum sporting performance.
The LDF transmission, mounted behind the V10 at the rear of the Huracán, is extremely compact at less than 60 centimeters long. Its control and actuation is via a separate block, where the electronic, mechanical and hydraulic components all work together. An oil pump supplies oil to the gear sets, clutch and integrated differential; thermal management is handled by an oil-to-water and an oil-to-air heat exchanger.
In Lamborghini’s new dual-clutch transmission, engine power flows along a twin drive shaft and two output shafts. Two multi-plate clutches positioned one behind the other operate two mutually independent partial gearboxes. Clutch K1 sends the torque via a solid shaft to the gear sets for gears 1, 3, 5 and 7. Rotating around the solid shaft is a hollow shaft. It is connected to clutch K2 and drives the gear sets for gears 2, 4 and 6, as well as reverse gear.
The two partial gearboxes are permanently active, but only one of them is connected to the engine. When, for example, the driver is accelerating in third gear, the second partial gearbox already has the fourth gear engaged in preparation. The gearshift takes place through switching the clutches – K1 opens and K2 closes in just a few hundredths of a second. The driver can shift gears himself via the steering wheel paddles, or make use of the fully automatic drive program. When maximum acceleration is required, a touch of a button hands the business of engaging the clutch at optimum engine speed over to Launch Control. It makes sure that the engine power is delivered to the road with a perfectly regulated degree of tire slip.
One classic Lamborghini strength is all-wheel drive – for more than 20 years, it has stood for the ultimate in dynamics, traction and stability. Back in 1993, the Diablo VT was the first Italian super sports car with four driven wheels. In the Huracán LP 610-4, too, superior traction means that drivers can accelerate out of corners earlier than those in rear-wheel drive competitors – with a brand new all-wheel drive system developed from the ground up strictly for maximum performance.
At the second output shaft, the LDF transmission incorporates a connection with the prop shaft that runs through the V10 crankcase to the front axle. There, an electronically controlled and hydraulically actuated multi-plate clutch handles the matter of torque distribution – marking a further step forward compared with the viscous coupling of the Lamborghini Gallardo. Inside is a set of plates running in an oil bath. The metal friction rings are arranged axially in pairs – one ring in each pair is permanently interlocked with the casing that rotates with the prop shaft, the other with the short output shaft leading to the front axle differential.
Under normal driving condition, the multi-plate clutch diverts only around 30 percent of the engine torque to the front wheels – meaning the Huracán has a strong rear-drive bias. However, should traction at the rear axle diminish, the clutch can smoothly and in a matter of seconds divert up to 50 percent of torque to the front wheels by pushing the plate set together in a controlled manner. However, a maximum of 100 percent of the torque can be distributed to the rear axle. At the rear axle, a mechanical differential lock integrated into the LDF transmission improves traction even further.
Huracan LP610-4 Registry